The testicles of male turkeys are situated immediately above the kidneys within the body. The male reproductive system, aggressiveness, and courtship behaviour are all influenced by testosterone, which is produced by the bean-shaped testicles.
The journey of developing and mature sperm to the cloaca, an entrance under the tail that integrates digestive, urinary, and reproductive functions, may take up to four days through a small tube. The cloaca enlarges in both males and females to aid in mating.
Turkeys unite their cloacae quickly—the process takes only a few seconds. A cloacal kiss occurs when the man ejaculates sperm into the female. The female releases up to 17 eggs after fertilisation, which take 25 to 31 days to develop. Poults can move and eat for themselves a day after birth since they are well-developed at birth.