In Photography, What is a Merger?

In photography, a merger is when an object in the background is right in front of or behind the subject. If the photo has more than one subject, a merger can also happen if the two main subjects overlap or touch the edges of the picture frame.

A merger can cause an object in the background to draw attention away from the main subject of the picture or ruin an otherwise perfect shot.

In photography, a bad angle can make it look like a tree is growing out of the head of a subject. Photographers should look at the whole frame and change angles as needed to avoid merging.

Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.

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