The advantages of a republican form of governance include extensive civic virtue cultivation, enhanced liberty, and just laws, while the disadvantages include widespread corruption and ineffective government. In general, the republican form of government protects citizens from abuse of power better than an authoritarian one; nevertheless, because of the division of power, public action is less effective.
A republic is based on the ideas of representative government, citizenship, and popular sovereignty, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. There is less chance of government abuse since the people hold the ultimate authority in politics and because public servants must account to both the people and the law.
The people are more likely than an autocrat to establish just laws that benefit the majority and not just one or a small number of people when they act through their representatives in the interests of their own self-interest.
According to the Center for Civic Education, having the ability to participate in government within a republic enables the general populace to develop civic virtues like honesty, responsibility, patriotism, and duty, all of which are advantageous to society as a whole.
The Center for Civic Education further emphasises that the issue with a republic is that when power is divided across several levels—executives, judges, and legislatures—political decisions become weaker.
Government is diverted from working as a cohesive body toward a specific goal by the numerous competing goals of the various groups that hold power of the various branches. Additionally, there is a risk that the populace will lose sight of the common good and cast their votes based solely on personal preferences, thereby jeopardising freedom and the rights of others.