What Are Greece’s Principal Landforms?

Islands, hills, mountains, and volcanoes are some of Greece’s most prominent land features. Greece has about 1,500 islands, some of which have dormant and extinct volcanoes.

Greece’s mainland is primarily made up of rocky mountains and undulating hills. At 9,570 feet, Mount Olympus, the home of the gods and the heart of Greek mythology, is the highest mountain in the nation.

The Rhodope Mountains border Greece’s northern border, while the Pindus mountain range extends south along the country’s centre. These mountains, which are densely wooded, supply most of the nation’s lumber.

The Pindus Mountains border the Vikos Gorge, which has a maximum depth of 3,600 feet. Rivers and lakes abound in this mountain range. The Trichonis, Volvi, and Vegoritis lakes as well as the Acheloos, Pinios, Aliacmon, and Acheloos rivers are among the greatest bodies of water in the nation.

The Peloponnese Peninsula is a region of land south of the Greek mainland that is divided from the rest of the country by the Corinth Canal. This peninsula is home to the cities of Sparta and Corinth.

The Sea of Crete divides Greece’s southernmost island, Crete, from the country’s northernmost island, Rhodes. West of the mainland are the Ionian Islands, southeast are the Cyclades and Dodecanese Islands, and east are the Aegean Islands and Sporades.

Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.


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