All of the living organisms in the habitat are considered to be the biotic factors that affect deserts, whilst all of the non-living elements of the desert are considered to be the abiotic factors. The soil, rocks, minerals, and sands that make up the substrate are typical abiotic characteristics of deserts. Drought-resistant grasses, cactus, aloe plants, and other succulents are typical biotic factors of deserts.
Even though deserts are harsh and arid, most of them are teeming with life. Coyotes, lizards, snakes, rats, turtles, birds, and other common animals serve as key biotic components of desert ecosystems. Additionally, smaller animals including insects, spiders, scorpions, flies, beetles, and centipedes can be found in deserts.
One-celled and microscopic organisms are crucial biotic elements of desert habitats. In areas with enough moisture for them to survive, bacteria, lichens, and amoebas hide. Some deserts, including the one in Antarctica, are essentially lifeless.
Desert ecosystems are shaped in part by the strong winds and sunlight. Water is present and is a crucial component of the habitat, despite the fact that deserts normally don’t have much standing water. Although it rarely rains, water is frequently held in succulent plants and also gathers beneath covered areas.