A sire is a puppy’s father, and a dam is a puppy’s mother. A litter, which can contain one to numerous puppies, is born from a dam.
Both a female dog and a female used for breeding are referred to as bitches. Until he is able to produce offspring, a male dog is typically just referred to as a dog. At that point, he is referred to as a stud dog.
When a dog is born, it is still a puppy until it is 12 months old, at which point it becomes an adult dog.
Tia, a Neopolitan mastiff, set the Guinness World Record for the largest litter of pups ever produced in 2004 when she gave birth to 24 puppies in the United Kingdom. Three puppies passed away in the first week, and one pup was stillborn. Caesar, a Neopolitan, served as the litter’s sire.