What Does a List of Ocean Decomposers Mean?

Fungi from the Lindra and Lulworthia genera, the bacterium Vibrio furnissii, shipworms, nematodes, and amoebas are some of the ocean’s decomposers. Decomposers break down dead creatures and release nutrients back into the ocean, making them a vital part of the marine environment.

Fungi from the genus Lindra and Lulworthia decompose dead seaweed in estuary environments in the ocean. Vibrio furnissii is a bacteria that breaks down the chitin substance present in lobster, crab, and other arthropod shells. Shipworms are mollusks that degrade wood and leave calcium deposits behind. Seaweed that washes up on the shore is broken down by nematodes. Amoebas are a type of marine microorganism that decomposes dead plants and animals.

Because organisms tend to sink after they die, the majority of decomposition takes place on the ocean floor.

Phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium are some of the nutrients that decomposers help return to the ocean. These inorganic nutrients are then used by organisms belonging to a different class of marine life, the producers, to make organic matter. The sea’s primary producers are phytoplankton. Seaweeds are also producers in the ocean. Copepods, larvaceans, and protozoans are some of the marine eaters that eat the producers.

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Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.

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