What does the Bible say about the number 14?

The Bible says two different things about the number 14. It refers to the number that the name David had in the ancient Jewish system of numbers. It also talks about the number seven, which is the number for spiritual perfection in ancient Jewish numerology. Since 14 is twice as big as seven, it means that virtue is twice as strong.

The total value of the name David is found by adding up the values of the three consonants that make up the name. The number of consonants is 4 for dalet and 6 for vav. Therefore, dalet+vav+dalet = 4+6+4 = 14.

Only once does the number 14 play an important role in the Bible. In the first chapter of Matthew’s Gospel, the writer breaks Jesus’ family tree into three groups of 14 generations each.

The first group goes from Abraham to David. The second group goes from David to Josiah, who was still alive when the Jews were taken to Babylonia as slaves. The third group goes from Josiah to Joseph.

In ancient Jewish numerology, the number three stands for God’s actions. Since Jewish history can be divided into three distinct periods, this means that everything that happened was part of God’s plan, which, according to the number 14, will lead to a double measure of spiritual perfection for his people.

Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.

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