Every forklift uses a cantilever mechanism mounted on a fulcrum, which is the vehicle’s front tyre axle, to maintain balance while towing a cargo. The cantilever system resembles a straightforward teeter-totter, a machine whose operation likewise depends on a fulcrum.
The Occupational Safety & Health Administration claims that a balanced forklift is extremely stable and has a weight capacity of large amounts. The weight of the machine and the weight of the load are separated by the fulcrum, also known as the pivot point.
Most forklifts, according to Forklift America, have a load capacity indicated on the corresponding data plate. When assessing a load, it’s crucial to keep in mind that every object that is lifted has a centre of gravity, just as the forklift and load have one. Forklift operators must therefore make sure that the load remains within the triangle formed by the front wheels, or fulcrum, and the rear steering axle. This load arrangement maintains the stability of the laden forklift. The forklift is prone to tip forward if the load is placed too far from the front axle, and sideways if the load is placed too much to either side.