A garlic pod is nothing more than the compound bulb that houses the cloves. It is the plant component that is most frequently used in both cooking and medicine.
Garlic pods are produced underground, much like the bulbs of many other plants, with the top portion reaching heights of up to two feet.
Depending on the variety of garlic, most pods or bulbs have four to twenty distinct cloves. For instance, Thai garlic has more and smaller cloves than many Western types.
The cloves of garlic are separated from the pod, peeled if necessary, and frequently crushed before use. Fresh garlic can be used, as well as dried, freeze-dried, turned into oil, and treated to a variety of extraction techniques to draw out allicin and other active components with sulphur.