What Is an AABB Rhyme Scheme, and How Does It Work?

The forms in which poetry is composed are known as rhyme schemes. The metre and pace of a work are determined by the rhyme system. The rhyme scheme provides the poetry structure.

The Rhyme Scheme of the AABB

The AABB rhyme pattern employs four-line parts split into two couplets. A couplet is made up of two lines that rhyme together. For the rest of the poem, the series of couplets continues.

Each couplet rhymes in the AABB rhyme pattern. So you’ve got two lines that rhyme (A) and two lines that rhyme differently (B).

An AABB Poem as an Example

In the sunlight

After having a great time,

A sweet little kitten

I wore a little hat.

As part of the A scheme, the words “sun” and “fun” are rhymed in this poem. As part of the B scheme, it rhymes with “cat” and “hat.”

Poetry with the AABB Rhyme Scheme

The AABB rhyme system is used in many popular poems. The pattern is used in Douglas Malloch’s “Good Timber.” For the A pattern, Malloch rhymes “battle” with “light” in the poem. For the B pattern, he rhymes “simple” and “rain.”

Shel Silverstein rhymes “today” and “McKay” in “Sick.” The words “mumps” and “bumps” are then rhymed. The poem’s first four lines establish the tone and structure for the remainder of it.

The poem “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star” is perhaps one of the most renowned applications of the AABB rhyme. The A pattern rhymes “star” and “are,” while the B pattern rhymes “height” and “sky.”

Other Applications of AABB

An AABB rhyme scheme can be found in more than only poems. The design will also be employed in songs. A rhyming pattern can also be used in prose. AABB is sometimes used in conjunction with various rhyme systems and patterns.

Other Rhyme Plans

There are numerous different rhyming patterns. Some rhyming schemes are more popular than the AABB rhyme scheme. Many people, for example, enjoy writing free verse poems. There is usually no rhyme scheme in free verse. As a result, it is a casual verse. Rhyme patterns are used in formal poetry.

Another rhyme scheme is haiku. It originates in Japan. Three lines make up a haiku. There are five syllables in the opening line. Seven syllables make up the second line. There are five syllables in the third line.

In his sonnets, Shakespeare used a variety of rhyme schemes. The ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG pattern is used in Shakespearean sonnets.

Other poems utilise a different rhyme scheme. The rhyme system is ABAB. ABAB CDCD EFEF GHGH would be the rhyming scheme. This is a common trend in ballads.

Each line of a triplet ends with the same rhyme. Three lines rhyme AAA in the rhyme scheme. A monorhyme is a lengthy poem with the same rhyme at the end of each line.

The rhyme scheme ABBA is used in an enclosed rhyme. Sandwich rhyme is another name for it.

A limerick, finally, has five lines. AABBA is the rhyming system. These poems originated in Ireland.

While there are many different sorts of rhyme schemes, these are some of the most common in today’s literature.

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Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.


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