What Is the Name of a Male Dog?

A “dog” is a frequent term for a regular male dog. In technical words, this means the dog hasn’t given birth to any puppies and hasn’t been used for breeding. Animals are usually referred to by a single group term with no discernible distinction. However, here is where dogs and cats differ. Tomcats are the name given to male cats, while cats are the name given to female cats.

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The Origins of the Word “Dog”

The origins of the term “dog” are shrouded in secrecy. It’s thought to have come from the Old English word “docga,” which meant powerful or strong. In the 1500s, it was used to denote a certain mastiff-type dog breed. Dogs were widely referred to as “hounds” until the 1500s, a term derived from the German word “hund.” The male term “hund” is used, while the feminine phrase “hundin” is used. Male dogs were given a default name, while female dogs had to be given a separate name.

The term “cur” was once used to refer to all male canines. However, as the name had an insulting connotation for men, it fell out of use. People disliked it when you said it since it sounded like you were cursing.

The term “bitch” is in the same boat. The precise name for a female dog is “bitch,” as everyone knows. However, the word has acquired a negative connotation over its sociolinguistic evolution. People now think of “bitch” as a curse rather than a pet when they hear the word. People no longer refer to female dogs by this term because of the associated stigma.

Male Dogs’ Technical Terms

To begin, a litter of puppies is referred to as a litter in the professional breeding field, but a male dog who is the father of a litter is referred to as a sire. You won’t merely see the word “dog” in a dog’s pedigree since they employ professional terminology like “sire” or “stud dog.”

A “dam” is a female dog who has been the mother of a litter. A bitch or female dog is a female dog who has never given birth to a litter. So you’ve mastered the technical jargon. But, when you introduce your dog to people outside the breeding group, are they appropriate?

Dog Breeding Terminology

When discussing a dog’s pedigree, the terms “sire,” “dam,” and “litter” are typically used. This means that these terms should only be used in conjunction with other terms in a pedigree. When introducing your dog to strangers, for example, you should not declare, “My male dog is a sire,” even if he is the father of a puppy. The reason for this is that you are not discussing his pedigree. You’re just giving him his first name. You don’t discuss his relationship with the woman or his children.

When you get to the portion of the dialogue where you’re talking about his pedigree, you can utilise the technical phrases. “My dog has sired five litters,” you can say. The dam is nowhere to be found. Her litter is being breastfed by her.” As a result, using technical phrases to refer to a dog is only suitable when the debate is about its pedigree and family relationships.

Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.


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