What Is the Name of a Young Lion?

Up until the age of three, young lions are referred to as cubs. Male lions are referred to as lions, whereas adult female lions are referred to as lionesses. A pride is the name for a pack of lions. Panthera leo is the lion’s scientific name.

Lions are frequently referred to be the “kings of the jungle” because they are always at the top of the food chain wherever they are found.

birth of a cub lion

It takes a female lion roughly 110 days to give birth after becoming pregnant. She usually departs from the pride to give birth to her cubs in a secure location away from potential predators. One to six cubs, generally between two and four, will be born after mom gives birth.

For a month or two, the small family will be absent from the pride. The mother lioness only takes her babies out at that time to forage for food; if she notices a danger, she will relocate the cubs to a safer area. Lion cubs have closed eyes during the first week after birth and are born blind. Within a few days, they can walk.

A lion cub’s size

A lion cub normally weighs between two and four pounds at birth, but an adult can weigh up to 550 pounds. The average length of an adult lion is nine to 10 feet. When fully grown, Asian lions weigh up to 418 pounds and measure between seven and nine feet in length.

What a Lion Cub Eats

Lion cubs must feed on their mother’s milk for the first few weeks of life. Around 10 weeks, they’ll start weaning, however they could nurse for another 10 to 12 weeks. A lion cub will suckle from any female who produces milk once the little family rejoins the pride, not only his or her own mother.

Lion cubs start consuming solid food around 10 weeks old. The youngsters of a pride eat the leftovers after the adults have had their fill from each kill. Even though they stay with their mothers for an additional year or two, cubs normally learn how to hunt alone around the age of one and can collect their own food by the time they are two.

How a Lion Cub Lives

The mother lioness will bring her young cubs back to the pride after spending a month or two apart. Depending on the availability of food and water, prides can contain up to 40 more lions. Prides are made up of primarily females and one to three males.

The other adults in the pride, especially the males, can be a threat as well as a source of assistance in raising the cubs. A new male lion that wants to mate with the mother of the pride may try to murder the cubs of other male lions.

While female lion cubs may remain together for life, male lion cubs typically abandon their moms as they age. For the first few of years, lion cubs are quite playful, and as they get to know the other members of their pride, they may even try to play with the most dominant ones. The father of a lion cub does not assist in raising it, but he will defend them if a predator comes after them.

Predators and Lion Cubs

A lion in the wild normally lives up to 10 years, although they can live up to 25 years in captivity. Surviving the first year is the first obstacle, though. The majority of lion cubs—up to 80%—do not live to see their first birthdays.

The primary cause of this is the cub’s innate predators. While their moms are off hunting, hyenas, eagles, wild dogs, jackals, snakes, leopards, and other huge creatures pursue little cubs. When cubs are not killed by predators, they may be abandoned by their mothers, who are then slain by human hunters, or they may be killed by the new male lions in the pride.

Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.


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