What Kinds of Water Are There in the Middle East?

The Amu Darya River, the Euphrates River, the Indus River, the Tigris River, the Persian Gulf, and the Nile River are all bodies of water in the Middle East. Lake Urmia in northwest Iran is the biggest lake in the Middle East. It covers 2,000 square miles and goes as deep as 52 feet.

The Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Black Sea, the Gulf of Aden, the Arabian Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea all touch Middle Eastern countries.

The Suez Canal is a man-made body of water in Egypt that connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. In 1869, it became possible for ships to travel through it. It is 100.82 miles long and has two 14-mile and 5.6-mile access canals.

The Nile River in Egypt is the longest river in the world. It runs for 4,258 miles. It flows into the Mediterranean Sea where it meets the coast of Egypt.

The Euphrates River starts in Turkey and flows through Syria and Iraq before ending in the Persian Gulf. On the banks of the river is the old city of Babylon.

When the Indus and Tigris rivers meet, they become the Shatt al Arab River, which also flows into the Persian Gulf. The length of the Tigris River is 1,180 miles.

Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.


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