What was the New York Colony’s Religion?

Quaker, Lutheran, Anglican, Catholic, and Judaism were among the religions practised in New York Colony. Peter Minuit started the New York Colony as New Sweden in 1626, and it was eventually renamed New Netherlands. In 1664, the Duke of York took possession of the colony and called it New York after himself.

New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia were among the original 13 colonies. It was categorised as a component of the Middle Colonies.

In contrast to New England, which was largely Puritan, New York and the other middle colonies witnessed a diversity of religions. Instead of meetinghouses in New England, colonists in the middle colonies flocked to churches that looked like modern churches. Families would devote a significant portion of their Sunday to attending church. In the late 1600s, church attendance became more steady, and by the end of the colonial period, it had risen to almost 60%.

Geographically, the religious sects of New York Colony were divided into several areas. The Hudson River Valley, where the Dutch had settled, was home to the Dutch Reformed Church. The Lutherans and German Reformed Church were located west of Albany, along the Mohawk River. Long Island’s Suffolk County was inhabited by Congregationalists, whereas Westchester County’s New Rochelle was founded by French Huguenots.

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Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.


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