Even though the gallbladder is a small organ, it can significantly affect your general health. That is, problems affecting the gallbladder can significantly affect your day-to-day quality of life, particularly if gallstones or other illnesses affecting the gallbladder become more symptomatic.
In light of this, we’re going through everything you need to know about the gallbladder, from chronic illnesses linked to the gallbladder to strategies for promoting gallbladder health.
What’s the Weight of a Gallbladder?
One of the tiniest organs in the body is the gallbladder, also referred to as the cholecyst. Bile is transported from the liver to the small intestine via the tiny organ, which serves as a conduit between the two. The gallbladder weighs only 2 to 2.5 ounces overall since it is entirely hollow. For comparison, this weighs about the same as a tennis ball or two AA batteries.
What Is the Common Gallbladder Size?
The gallbladder is relatively lengthy for its weight. In actuality, the typical gallbladder is three to four inches long. Additionally, the organ is typically 1.5 inches broad. Its limited capacity means that it can only hold up to 100 millilitres (.001 litres) of bile before the bile duct releases its contents into the small intestine.
What Purpose Does the Gallbladder Serve?
The liver and small intestine are supported by the gallbladder in their efforts to remove bile from the body. It is in charge of holding bile, commonly referred to as “gall,” which is later released into the small intestine. Depending on the contents, the gallbladder breaks down this bile at various speeds.
For instance, bile that is higher in fat or oil will take longer to enter the small intestine’s walls and pass through the gallbladder. This is frequently the reason for post-meal bloating. In the end, the gallbladder functions as a temporary bile storage facility and a component of the body’s waste elimination mechanism.
Health Problems Related to the Gallbladder
Despite the gallbladder’s diminutive size, there are numerous ways that it can negatively impact your health. After all, the gallbladder collaborates with your liver and pancreas to eliminate waste from your body.
Pain, fever, chills, vomiting, and other symptoms might result from a gallbladder that is inflamed or injured and unable to drain waste. The following are some of the most typical gallbladder health conditions:
Gallstones: These develop in the gallbladder when elements in the bile or blood create solid deposits that stop the gallbladder from emptying bile and carrying out its fundamental activities.
Choledocholithiasis: This condition develops when gallstones clog the ducts that drain the gallbladder. Pain, fever, and jaundice are just a few of the symptoms that can appear when bile becomes stuck in the gallbladder and is unable to pass to the intestines.
Cholecystitis: This condition develops when the gallbladder is irritated. This might be an isolated incident, but it might potentially develop into a recurring problem. Gallstones frequently cause acute cholecystitis, which causes abdominal pain following meals. The gallbladder can become damaged by chronic cholecystitis, necessitating surgery.
Gangrene: Caused by untreated acute cholecystitis, this condition develops when the gallbladder fails to generate adequate blood flow, resulting in symptoms including disorientation, nausea, and fever.
Gallbladder Abscess: Gallbladder abscesses, also known as empyemas, happen when the gallbladder becomes infected with pus. This disorder can be fatal if it is not treated. Chills, stomach/abdominal pain, and fever are common symptoms.
Growths that develop in the gallbladder are known as gallbladder polyps. Although they are normally asymptomatic and non-cancerous, if they become large enough, they may need to be removed.
Repeated bile duct inflammation that culminates in gallbladder scarring is called sclerosing cholangiosis. Although 50% of those who acquire sclerosing cholangitis won’t have any symptoms, emergent signs and symptoms can include fever, jaundice, and discomfort.
Biliary Dyskinesia: When a gallbladder is unable to operate at its peak function, it frequently results from chronic inflammation. Indigestion and post-meal discomfort are symptoms.
When the gallbladder is inflamed but no gallstones are present, acalculous gallbladder disease is suspected. It frequently exhibits symptomatology that is comparable to acute cholecystitis or gallstones.
Gallstones and chronic inflammation enhance a person’s risk of developing gallbladder cancer, despite the fact that this type of cancer is rare and only affects 4,000 Americans each year. Despite the fact that gallbladder cancer first appears on the inner walls of the gallbladder, it has the potential to migrate to other vital organs like the liver.
Gallbladder Stones: What Are They?
Gallbladder stones are hard deposits that form in the gallbladder/bile ducts, while gallstones may be a more widely used term. Usually, either hardened cholesterol or bilirubin, which is produced when red blood cells are broken down in the liver, makes up these stones. Most frequently, cholesterol stones form. These stones can range in size from a golf ball to a sand particle.
A person’s gallbladder frequently contains several tiny stones. Some gallstone sufferers may experience uncomfortable symptoms, particularly if smaller stones get lodged in the bile duct or if long-term gallstones cause inflammation, scarring, or other damage. Others might not ever exhibit any symptoms, in which case their gallstones might go undetected.
Surgery might be required if gallstones are clogging the bile duct or are causing symptoms to appear. The gallbladder helps the liver get rid of waste, yet it is not a necessary organ. Gallstones may need to be removed surgically, or the gallbladder may even need to be completely removed in some circumstances.
Using a scope, gallstones can also be removed without surgery. Untreated gallstones can cause pancreatitis and other painful illnesses when they are symptomatic. There may be no need for therapy if a patient has no symptoms and the gallstones aren’t interfering with their gallbladder’s ability to operate.
How to Maintain Healthy Gallbladder
Fortunately, maintaining the health of your gallbladder is frequently as easy as changing your diet. Consuming foods high in fibre, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, can, for instance, help avoid gallstones.
On the other side, reducing sugar and carbohydrates can help you improve the function of your gallbladder because they can both cause problems with the organ. Additionally, improving the health of your gallbladder involves consuming more good fats and oils while reducing the intake of bad fats.
The health of your particular body might be supported by maintaining a healthy weight. It’s crucial to remember that extreme weight loss methods like weight loss surgery, crash diets, and undereating might actually raise your chance of gallstones and other uncomfortable problems.
In some circumstances, regular exercise-induced, gradual weight loss can greatly lower your risk of developing gallstones. Preventative drugs, such as ursodiol, which dissolves gallstones before they can fully form, may be helpful for people who have a higher risk of developing gallstones.