Where is the torso located on the body? – In addition to controlling major functions such as breathing and maintaining the central nervous system, the torso’s bones, muscles, and organs help support the body’s structure. So, where is the torso located on the body?
The torso is the middle portion of the human body. Except for the head, neck, and arms, the torso comprises the majority of the upper body. This vital body region contains vital organs and muscles. Let’s examine this in greater detail.
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What Is the Torso?
The human torso is an essential organ for the majority of vital functions. The torso contains the heart and lungs, two essential organs for human survival.
The majority of the spine, which protects the spinal cord and enables upright sitting, is located in the torso, with the exception of the cervical spine. The torso also contains the digestive organs, which are essential for converting food into nutrients for cells. The torso protects the reproductive system, the group of organs responsible for creating new generations of humans.
Anatomy of the Torso Muscles
Numerous major muscle groups are located in the torso. The sternocleidomastoid muscle is located at the edge of the torso and connects the clavicle to the temporal bone in the back of the head. This important muscle allows humans to turn their necks and move their heads side to side. Problems with this muscle can result in pain and tightness in the neck and head, as well as a chronically runny nose and watery eyes.
Both the major and minor pectoral muscles span the shoulders and chest. This large muscle group allows individuals to move their arms up and down and rotate their arms. When humans take in a deep breath, the pectoralis muscles help raise the ribs, allowing more air to enter the lungs. This is the muscle group that fitness enthusiasts target to develop a more muscular chest.
Under both arms, the serratus anterior muscles fan out from the back to the shoulders. This muscle group allows humans to punch, among other movements. Because of this, the two serrated muscles are known as the boxer’s muscle.
Between the ribs that make up the ribcage are two sets of intercostal muscles, internal and external. Together with the diaphragm, these muscles control breathing. The external intercostals contract the ribcage, while the internal intercostals relax it. These movements enable humans to breathe in and out. By contracting or relaxing more, these muscles regulate the rate, depth, and intensity of breathing.
The muscle group commonly referred to as abdominals or abs consists of four muscle groups: rectus abdominis, transverse abdominis, internal and external obliques. The rectus abdominis allows humans to flex and extend the lower torso. When performing crunches, this group of abdominal muscles works hard. The deeper transverse abdominis muscles lie horizontally and serve to stabilise and cushion the abdominal organs. The obliques, located on the sides of the lower torso, allow the upper body to twist and bend. These muscles are frequently targeted in abdominal exercises, and strengthening this muscle group improves posture by providing more support for the spine.
Numerous torso muscles support shoulder motion. The trapezius is a large group of muscles located on both sides of the back. This muscle provides additional support to the scapula, also known as the shoulder bone. A strong trapezius improves posture and helps the neck support the weight of the skull. The rhomboid muscles in the back support shoulder rotation and enable people to squeeze their shoulders together. The rotator cuff muscles reside within the scapular, stabilising the shoulder joint and promoting a healthy shoulder range of motion.
The latissimus dorsi muscle controls motion at the shoulder-arm joint. These muscles allow individuals to move their arms in and out of the body. The teres major and minor, along with the latissimus dorsi, allow the arms to rotate.
Anatomy of the Torso Bone
The spine runs along the midline of the torso and houses the delicate nerves of the central nervous system. The scapula is situated at the back of this anatomical region. The scapula collaborates with strong back and chest muscles to support the full range of motion of the arms and shoulders. On the front of the torso, the ribs and sternum form a protective cage around the heart and lungs. The clavicle is the uppermost torso bone. The clavicle facilitates shoulder puncture, provides a connection point for rib cartilage, and provides additional protection for the upper heart.
Internal Organs of the Core
The organs in the torso are essential components of major organ systems. For instance, the digestive system includes the gallbladder, stomach, jejunum, ileum, duodenum, colon, and liver. The spleen is part of the lymphatic system, while the pancreas is part of both the endocrine and digestive systems. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Additionally, reproductive organs are located in the torso.
Synonyms of Torso
There are numerous scientific and common synonyms for torso. The torso is often referred to as the trunk. Due to its housing of numerous major muscles, some refer to the torso as the figure, physique, or build of a person. In common parlance, the torso is typically referred to as the chest, abdomen, or stomach. In terms of anatomy, the torso is also known as the thorax or thoracic cavity.
Other Anatomical Regions of the Human Body
The anatomical regions are the cervical, thorax, abdominal, upper extremities, and lower extremities. The cervical region, also known as the cephalic region, encompasses the head and neck. The thorax is the upper chest, while the abdominal region contains the stomach. The arms are the upper extremities, while the legs are the lower extremities. The torso comprises portions of the thoracic and abdominal regions.