Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Washington’s Birthday, Memorial Day, Labor Day, and Columbus Day are all U.S. Federal holidays that always fall on a Monday. Many federal offices are closed, so people can have a three-day holiday weekend. Outside of the federal government, it is up to each state and private business to decide whether or not to celebrate a federal holiday.
The Uniform Monday Holiday Act of 1968 moved some federal holidays to Mondays. This was done so that federal workers could have a three-day weekend. Supporters of the act thought that this would give people more time for family and travel.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is the first federal Monday holiday of the year, even though it wasn’t in the original act. It is on the third Monday of January. On the third Monday of February, people celebrate Washington’s birthday, which is also known as President’s Day. Memorial Day is on the last Monday of May, Labor Day is on the first Monday of September, and Columbus Day is on the second Monday of October.
Most states close state government offices and public schools when the federal government does so. Some states let school districts decide which of these federal holidays to celebrate. But private businesses and schools can choose which holidays to observe on their own.