Who Are the Four Ghosts in Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol”?

Jacob Marley, the Ghost of Christmas Past, the Ghost of Christmas Present, and the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come are the four spirits that make an appearance in Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol.” Within a short period of time, all four pay Ebenezer Scrooge a visit.

Scrooge’s late business partner, Jacob Marley, was a miser in real life. On the eve of Christmas, his ghost appears to Scrooge and informs him of the arrival of three visitors.

The Ghost of Christmas Past makes an appearance next, bringing memories of Scrooge’s youth. Next, the Ghost of Christmas Present pays him a visit and takes him to see the holiday season in the houses of the individuals he is now acquainted with.

He informs Scrooge that Tiny Tim will soon pass away if his family’s circumstances do not improve. Scrooge is given a tour of his grave by the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come.

Misha Khatri
Misha Khatri is an emeritus professor in the University of Notre Dame's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. He graduated from Northern Illinois University with a BSc in Chemistry and Mathematics and a PhD in Physical Analytical Chemistry from the University of Utah.


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